1. What is Hepatitis ?
Hepatitis A is a highly contagious liver infection caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV). Hepatitis A causes inflammation that affects your liver's ability to function.
2. How does it spread?
It is contracted from contaminated food or water or from close contact with someone who's already infected
3. What are the symptoms of Hepatitis?
young children will be mild, but symptoms in older children and adults are
likely to be more severe. The signs and symptoms appear suddenly and may be
mistaken for intestinal flu.
The symptoms are:
Nausea and vomiting
Abdominal pain or discomfort, especially in the area of your liver on your right side beneath your lower ribs
Loss of appetite
Yellowing of skin and white of eyes.(Jaundice)
4. How soon after exposure do symptoms appear?
The symptoms appear after one month of the entry of the virus into the body.
5. How is it diagnosed?
Blood test for measuring the Bilirubin levels and enzyme levels in your body are done to detect the presence of Hepatitis.
6. What are the complications of Hepatitis?
In severe cases liver damage leading to liver failure - a life threatening condition may develop.
7. What is the treatment for Hepatitis?
No specific treatment exists for hepatitis. Instead, the main focus is on making sure you get adequate nutrition and avoid any permanent liver damage.Soft, easily digestable foods are suggestive.
8. What precautions should the infected person follow?
The most important precautions are careful handwashing after each toilet visit and proper disposal of sewage .
9. How to prevent Hepatitis?
highly contagious. Preventing the spread of the virus involving self protection
and protecting others from infection is important. The protective measures are:
* Hepatitis vaccine
* Good hygiene
* Good sanitation