Iodine is an essential micronutrient which is required 100-150 micrograms daily for normal human growth and development.  There is an increasing evidence of wide-spread distribution of environmental iodine deficiency.  Iodine deficiency starts its impact from development of foetus to all ages of human beings.  It results in abortion, still birth, mental retardation, deaf-mutism, squint, dwarfism, goiter of all ages, neuromotor defects etc.  Thus, Iodine deficiency directly affects the “human resource development” and which in turn greatly affects the human productivity as well as country’s development.

Realising the magnitude of the problem, National Iodine Deficiency Disorders Control Programme (NIDDCP) is implemented in the U.T. of Pondicherry from the year 2002-03. NIDDCP is being implemented in order to prevent, control and eliminate these disorders. The goal of this programme is to reduce the Prevalence of Iodine deficiency disorders below 10 percent in the entire country by the year 2010 AD.


Iodised salt consumed daily offers complete protection against all iodine deficiency disorders.  Hence, the sale of non-iodized salt was banned in this U.T. of Pondicherry.