NATIONAL LEPROSY ELIMINATION PROGRAMME

 

Leprosy, a chronic bacterial disease with long incubation period between 9 months to 20 years after infection can affect all age groups.  The signs / symptoms may vary between PB to MB depending upon the degree of patient’s immunity to M.leprae, the causative agent.  Nevertheless, 95% of the people in our community are immune to leprosy.  Since, the leprosy bacilli affect the peripheral nerves and if not properly cared, the patients lose sensation by and large in their hands, feet and eyes and injuries to these insensitive parts may lead to disfigurement.  The main sequence of the disease generates fear and stigma.  The early detection and prompt treatment of leprosy with prescribed MDT not only cures leprosy but also interrupts its transmission to others.

 

National Leprosy Elimination Programme (NLEP) is being implemented more successfully in the U.T. of Pondicherry with the introduction of Multi Drug Therapy (MDT) since 1989.

 

NLEP – Prevalence Rate (PR) & New Cases Detection Rate (NCDR) . 

 

Leprosy Cases 99-00 00-01 01-02 02-03 03-04 04-05 05-06 06-07
PR 3.25 3.43 2.70 1.31 0.85 0.67 0.26 0.36
NCDR 7.49 9.95 7.40 3.33 2.20 1.01 0.44 0.52
Deformity Rate (%) 2.26 0.40 1.38 0.60 0.44 0.00 0.00 1.75