National TB Control Programme

 

The TB Control Programe has been implemented in this Union territory from the year 1964 with an objective to control the highly infectious disease among the society through free diagnosis and treatment.  Revised National Tuberculsis Control Programme (RNTCP) has been implemented in this UT from February 2004.

 

Achievements of recent years

Year

No. of patients Screened

Total No. of TB Diagnosed

No. of new Smear Positive

Success Rate

Death Rate

NTCP

2002-03

17843

3342

1511

72.00%

7.43%

2003-04

18462

3369

1477

71.10%

6.45%

RNTCP

As the RNTCP is unique in nature through out the nation with was implemented in all the neighborhood states, so the number of NSP and Total cases are come down

2004-05

16290

1440

757

74.69%

4.75%

2005-06

15000

1602

763

76.12%

3.48%

2006-07

18612

1501

669

79.56%

6.31%

 

Tuberculosis still ranks high among the major health problems. For every second, one person is affected by TB in the world.  World Health Organisation had declared TB as a global emergency.  One person dies of TB every minute in India.  40% of the population infected with TB.  Maternal mortality due to TB is more than the total deaths due to all other causes of Maternal Mortality.

 

Infection occurs almost exclusively through the respiratory route.  Tuberculosis then spreads from the primary lung lesion to other parts of the body via the blood stream, lymphatic and bronchial systems and may thus affect any organ.

 

TB patients suffer physically, followed occasionally by disability or death.  The patients, their families and the community as a result, undergo considerable psychological and socio-economic setback.  National TB control programme is an organized effort to bring the problem of tuberculosis under control in the community.

           

Tuberculosis is an infectious disease so prevention is essential for its control.  It is prevented by interruption of transmission from the source of infection.  Protective immunisation is being administered to the susceptible.  The infected patients were provided with medicines and are subjected to constant follow-up.  With the introduction of Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP), the responsibility of regular intake of medicine has been shifted from patient to the provider.  All the doses are supervised and provided by the DOTS provider (Directly observed Treatment Short Course).   By this strategy defaulter rate has drastically come down and completion rate has gone up.