UNIVERSAL IMMUNIZATION PROGRAMME

 

The Immunisation era has actually begun at the turn of 18th century with the introduction of protective vaccination against small pox.  Since then, the phenominal progress in the domain of microbiological and immunological sciences has made over 25 vaccines available against some of the dreaded diseases.  Today Diptheria, Pertusis, Tetanus, Typhoid, TB, Polio, Measles and a number of other diseases can be effectively controlled by vaccinations. 

 

The Governments realized that population explosion made it obligatory to adopt a policy of Family Planning, which, for it success, requires maximum attention to be paid to the preservation, proper growth and development of infant, cutting down the existing infant mortality rate.  In order to achieve this, there can be no better measures than the introduction of practicable routine immunisation and nutrition programme.  Acute Flaccid Paralysis Surveillance is being implemented to rule out Polio disease from other allied conditions like Traumatic Neuritis, Transverse Myelitis and GB Syndrome.

 

Performance under Immunization Programme   

 

Immunisation, IFA, Vit.A:

2002-03

2003-04

2004-05

2005-06

2006-07

TT Pregnant Women ( 2nd dose + Booster)

19294

19410

17844

17610

18186

IFA Tablets (Preg. Women-Prophylactic completed)

16326

14759

17741

18029

15537

DPT ( 3rd Dose )

18199

17031

16836

16185

16352

Polio ( 3rd Dose)

18199

17031

16836

16185

16352

BCG

31025

30412

29354

36182

42101

Measles

16991

16555

16118

15934

16328

Vit-A (Total 1st dose for below and up to 1 year)

15544

13537

15320

15224

14495

Vit-A (Total 2nd to 5th dose )

45062

30635

37399

38005

40104

DT ( 2nd dose)

19207

19147

18583

20383

17342

TT (10 Years) ( 2nd dose)

21303

20548

18283

19094

18329

TT (16 Years) ( 2nd dose)

21057

20286

18515

18981

14649

 

         

For complete eradication of Polio from India, Govt. of India in collaboration with World Health Organization is implementing Pulse Polio Immunization Programme since 1995, which is a great success in Union Territory of Pondicherry and no case of polio was reported since 1999.