Family Welfare Programmes

 

India, the largest democratic republic in the world, possesses 2.4% of the world’s land area and supports 16% of the world population. It is the second most populous country after China.  Every year it adds about 16 million people to its large base of population. 

 

Massive implication of rapid population growth had already diluted much of benefits of our substantial economic growth since independence which made it obligatory to adopt a policy of Family Planning.  India is the first developing country in the world to have a Family Planning Programme.

 

Family Welfare Activities 2002-03 to 2006-07

 

Method

2002-03

2003-04

 2004-05

2005-06

2006-07

Vasectomy

16

21

17

19

24

Tubectomy

12273

12524

11915

10194

10459

I.U.D

4075

3737

3150

3628

3506

Oral Pills

1356

1758

1584

1871

1743

C.C (Condoms)

8066

10526

10379

9934

10575

M.T.P

1486

1322

1683

1996

1726

Institutional Deliveries

27290

28286

27978

26170

*46864

Home Deliveries

447

308

185

85

116

 

                                       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 *Including JIPMER and Private Intuitions

 

Reduction in fertility, mortality and population growth rates is major objectives of the 10th Plan.  The focus will be on improving accesses to services to meet the health care needs of the women in reproductive age group and of children below the age of 5 years and also to provide contraceptives and spacing services to the desired people. The main objective is reducing the birth rate to the extent necessary to stabilize the population at a level consistent with the needs of National development.

 

Year Crude Birth Rate Crude Death Rate Infant Mortality Rate
All India Puducherry All India Puducherry All India Puducherry
2001 25.4 17.9 8.4 7.0 66.0 22.0
2002 25.0 17.9 8.1 6.7 63.0 22.0
2003 24.8 17.5 8.0 6.3 60.0 24.0
2004 24.1 17.0 7.5 8.0 58.0 24.0
2005 23.8 16.2 7.6 7.1 58.0 28.0

Source: SRS, India.

 

 

 

Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PNDT)

 

With a view to improve the declining sex ratio (Number of females per thousand males) and for containing the menace of female foeticide the Government has brought into force the Pre-natal Diagnostic Techniques (Regulation and prevention of Misuse) Act, 1994 (PNDT Act) with effect from 1.1.1996. PNDT Act is being implemented in the U.T. with the direction of the Supreme Court. Under the Act, 36 Genetic clinics are functioning in the U.T. with the approval of Appropriate Authority/ Director of Health and Family Welfare Services. The Deputy Director (FW&MCH) is the Nodal officer for the implementation of this Act in the U.T.

 

Under the PNDT Act, a Central Supervisory Board has been constituted under the Chairmanship of Minister of Health and Family Welfare. Appropriate Authorities and Advisory Committees have been constituted in all States and Union Territories for implementation of PNDT Act.