HEALTH FACILITIES - A GLANCE

 

The Union Territory of Puducherry consists of four geographically isolated census districts of Puducherry, Karaikal, Mahe and Yanam on the Eastern and Western coasts of India.  The Health care provision for the four culturally divergent districts is a logistical challenge due to their  geographical location as enclaves in the south Indian states of Tamil Nadu, Kerela and Andhra

Pradesh.

Health Indicators

 

Sl. No.

Item

Unit

As on      31-3-2006

As on       31-3-2007

As on       31-3-2008

As on       31-3-2009

As on       31-3-2010

1

Birth Rate

Per 1000 popuation

15.7

15.1

16.4

16.4

16.4

2

Death Rate

Per 1000 popuation

7.3

7.7

7.5

7.5

7.5

3

Infant Mortality Rate

Per 1000 live births

28.0

25.0

25.0

25.0

25.0

4

Bed - Population Ratio

Ratio

1:499

1:460

1:485

1:502

1:527

5

Doctor - Population Ratio

Ratio

1:1972

1:2060

1:2170

1:2283

1:2187

6

Nurse Population Ratio

Ratio

1:875

1:914

1:964

1:1014

1:1065

7

Doctors : Nurses

Ratio

1:2

1:2

1:2

1:2

1:2

8

Eligible Couples

Nos.

155000

160500

167500

172290

176854

9

Per-Capita Health Expenditure

In Rs.

990

1071

1337

1370

1658

10

Family Welfare Programme:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

i) Sterilisation

Nos.

10213

10483

10303

9953

9382

 

ii) IUD   

Nos.

3628

3506

3266

3155

2469

 

iii) Conventional Contraceptive users

Nos.

9934

10575

11462

11353

9352

 

iv) Oral Pill users

Nos.

1871

1743

1848

1826

2281

11

Health Institutions:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

i) Primary Health Centres

Nos.

39

39

39

39

39

 

ii) Sub-Centres

Nos.

77

77

77

77

78

 

iii) Community Health Centres

Nos.

4

4

4

4

4

 

iv) Hospitals

Nos.

8

8

8

8

8

 

v) Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Centre

Nos.

1

1

1

1

1

 

v) ESI Dispensaries

Nos.

14

14

14

14

14

12

Doctors

Nos.

564

564

564

564

564

13

Nurses

Nos.

1270

1270

1270

1270

1270

14

Community Health Guides/Visitors

Nos.

28

28

0

0

0

15

Immunization Coverage

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

T. T. for Preg. Women (2nd dose)

Nos.

17610

18186

20274

20274

19346

 

T.T. (10 Years) (2nd dose)

Nos.

19094

18329

20015

20015

17595

 

T.T. (16 Years) (2nd dose)

Nos.

48981

14649

18931

18931

14208

 

BCG

Nos.

36182

42101

43556

43556

36290

16

Leprosy Prevalence Rate (Per 10000 population)

 

0.26

0.36

0.23

0.37

0.41

17

Blindness incidence (Per thousand)

 

0.5

0.46

0.40

0.40

0.40

 

 

INTRODUCTION

In  Health Care Delivery Services, the Union Territory of Puducherry has been adjudged as the best in the country.  The population of Puducherry has an accessible medical care within an average distance of 1.18 kms through a network of Primary Health Centres, Sub Centres, Disease specific clinics besides 8 Hospitals.  The per capita expenditure on Health Care Services is Rs.1,658/-.  Annually over 48 lakhs out-patients and 1.5 lakhs in-patients are treated at the various Government medical institutions of Union Territory of Puducherry.

     

 The overall health indicators in Puducherry have been very encouraging compared to the national indicators. The U.T. of Puducherry has been able to achieve the Infant Mortality rate of 25 against national goal of 53 during 2008.  Since more than 99.8% deliveries are conducted in the health institutions, it has been able to achieve the lowest Maternal Mortality Rate of 18 against the national target of less than 100 / 1 lakh live births.  Total Fertility Ratio of 1.6 is the lowest in India against national goal of 2.4.  Due to the strict implementation of the PNDT Act in the UT and close monitoring of the sex ratio of children, it is possible to achieve SEX RATIO (0-5 years) of 977 (female to male children / 1000) which sufficed the goal set by the Government of India.

 

To improve the overall health of adolescent girls in the Union Territory of Puducherry, special school health programmes was initiated comprising of general health check-up, haemoglobin estimation and treatment of anemia, de-worming, nutrition, immunization, health promotion, raising awareness about sexual and reproductive health.  The Union Territory of Puducherry has not only provided training to the teacher in health promotion but has also integrated the leprosy, blindness control & prevention programme activities in the School Health Programme.  It is a comprehensive programme with long term future vision of promotion of positive health.  The Union Territory of Puducherry is declared as Leprosy Free State.  100% Pulse Polio Immunization successfully achieved throughout the state.  Medical assistance is extended for treatment of life threatening diseases to patients below poverty line category by the Puducherry Medical Relief Society for the past ten years.

 

In the treatment of tuberculosis, conversion rate more than 90% and a cure rate above 90% is achieved.  To control the incidence of Filarial and Malarial diseases, Anti larval activities and Surveillance activities are carried out to all citizens in the UT of Puducherry.

 

 Kidney transplantation is performed free of cost to the Below Poverty Line category patients.  The Hospital has been equipped with latest medical equipments like CT Scan, MRI Scan, Cardiac Monitors, etc.  A separate geriatric ward   for senior citizens is available.   Hospital Information System has been established through computerization and transmission of various investigation results to the wards. Post graduate courses (DNB) in 7 disciplines are offered.    C.T Scan facilities have been established at Govt. General Hospital, Mahe. Telemedicine Centre for establishing contact with premier health institutions of the country and abroad is functioning. 25 numbers of Ambulances have been purchased and provided to all the PHCs for transportation of critical patients from rural areas.  Monetary incentives are provided to the patients for promotion of Institutional Deliveries under JSY.  The pregnant women living below poverty line are assisted with Rs.700 in rural areas and Rs.600 in urban areas in case they deliver in a health institution.   A separate 700 bedded hospital for Women & Children with specialized services is to be opened in the 2nd week of October 2010.   Further during the current academic year a Govt. Medical College is also opened.    A  Health Insurance Scheme has been commissioned in outlying regions of Mahe and Yanam, when by compensation, cash free Secondary and Territory care is made available.  The extent of cover is 2,50,000 per family member floater basis.

 

Unique Facilities (In nutshell ):

  1. Anti snake venom, Anti Rabies Vaccine and insulin made available in all PHCs & CHCs.

 

  1.  Sanitary pads issued free of cost to rural Adolescent Girls from Rural Sub Health Centres.

 

  1. Free Dialysis & Transplant facilities for renal diseases, post transplant immuno suppressant drugs given free of cost.

 

  1. 24 x 7 free ambulance services.

 

  1. Financial assistance of 1.5 lakhs for tertiary care treatment to BPL families through PMRS.

 

Hospitals

CHCs

PHC

(Urban)

PHC

(Rural)

Sub-Centre

(Urban)

Sub-Centre

(Rural)

8

4

15

24

24

52

Puducherry:

1.     General Hospital

2.     Maternity Hospital

3.     Govt. Hospital

For Chest Diseases

4.     Mahatma Gandhi

Leprosy Hospital

5.     ESI Hospital

 

 

1.Karikalam

      pakkam

2. Mannadipet

 

1. Ariankuppam

2. Gorimedu

3. Kalapet

4. Kosapalayam

5. Lawspet

6. Mettupalayam

7. Mudaliarpet

8. Muthialpet

9. Odiansalai

10. Reddiarpalayam

11. Murungapakkam

12. Villianur

1. Ariyur

2. Abishegapakkam

3. Bahour

4. Karaymputhur

5. Katterikuppam

6. Kirumampakkam

7. Koodapakkam

8. Maducarai

9. Nettapakkam

10. Sedarapet

11. Sorapet

12. Sooramangalam

13. Thavalakuppam

14. Thirubuvanai

15. Thirukanur

1.Kathirkamam

2.Ganapthy                   

         Chettikulam

3.Pillaichavady

4. Karuvadikuppam

5.Govt.Qtrs.(Lawspet)

6.Thattanchavady

7.Muthirapalayam

8.Kurumbapet

9.Thengaithittu

10.Solainagar

11.Dubrayapet

12.Kompakkam

13.Odianpet

14.Manaveli

15.Muthupillaichavadi

16.Sulthanpet

17.Alankuppam

1. Aranganur

2.Embalam

3.Uruvaiyar

4.Korkadu

5. T.N. Palayam

6. Sivarantagam

7. Melsathamangalam

8. Kizhour

9. Soriankuppam

10. Seliamedu

11. Manamedu

12. Suthukeny

13. Lingareddipalayam

14. Kodathur

15. Sandaipudukuppam

16. Koravallimedu

17. Manapet

18. Murthikuppam

19. Pillaiyarkuppam

20. Poraiyur

21. Pandasozhanallur

22. Nathamedu

23. Sellipet

24.Andiyarpalayam

25.Poornankuppam

26.kalithirthalkuppam

27.Thiruvandarkoil

28.Sanniyasikuppam

29.Madakadipet

30.Kunichampet

31.Manalipet

32.Periyaveerampattinam

33.Nallavadu

34.Nonankuppam

35.Panayadikuppam

Karaikal:

1.       General Hospital,

Karaikal

1. Thirunallar

1.  Koilpathu

2. Karaikalmedu

1.Kottucherry

2.Ambagarathur

3.Nallambal

4.Nallathur

5.Neravy

6.Nedungadu

7.T.R. Pattinam

8.Varichikudy

9.Vizhithiyur

 

1.Sethur

2.Vadakattalai

3. Akkaravattam

4. Melaoduthurai

5. Kurumbagaram

6. Melakasakuddy

7. Vadamattam

8.Pattinacherry

9. North Vanjoor

10. Rayampalayam

11. Thriuvettakudy

12.Poovam

13. Kotucherrymedu

14. Manapet

15. Karukankudy

16. Muppaithankudy

17. Pettai

Mahe:

1.       General Hospital, Mahe

1.    Palloor

1. Pandakkal

 

1.Chembra

2.Chalakara

3.Cherukallayee

 

Yanam:

1.    General Hospital, Mahe

 

 

 

1.Guriampetta

2.Kanakalpetta

3.Darialthippha

4.Ferampetta

 

 

H O S P I T A L S

 

Institution

GH, Pondy

MH, Pondy

GHCD, Gorimedu

ESI Hospital, Gorimedu

MGGL Hospital

PMRC

GH, Karaikal

GH, Mahe

GH, Yanam

General Information

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year Established

1816

1938

1963

1978

1842

1997

1908

1954

1925

Population

1089419

52745

823294

238117*

NA

800000

187607

41303

39508

Villages / Wards Covered

129

116

81 81

81

NA

Whole Pdy

37

15

10

Beds

733

330

138

75

80

30

506

171

100

Service Rendered

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Out-Patient New

711725

38136

1352

18714

0

12153

382765

141113

157112

Out-Patient Old

217993

57775

508

11327

0

29308

138758

71646

65946

Out-Patient Total

929718

95911

1860

30041

0

41461

521523

212759

223058

In-Patient UT

23916

15150

1455

1649

399

580

18220

3141

2282

In-Patient Other States

22880

7799

540

0

69

116

7810

13708

949

In-Patient Total

746796

22949

1995

1649

468

696

26030

16849

3231

Surgical Operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Minor Elective

2266

0

0

83

0

283

870

638

194

Minor Emergency

5627

13869

0

0

0

0

2244

0

0

Minor Total

7893

13869

0

83

0

283

3114

638

194

Major Elective

7617

0

0

43

0

0

2388

1701

478

Major Emergency

1150

8884

0

0

0

0

2043

389

0

Major Total

8767

8884

0

43

0

0

4431

2090

478

NOTE:*INSURED FAMILY MEMBERS

 

COMMUNITY HEALTH CENTRES

 

Institution

Karikalampakkam

Mannadipet

Thirunallar

Palloor

General Information

 

 

 

 

Year Established

1964

1962

1965

1958

Distance from H.Q.  in Kms)

16

30

5

6

Population

26601

8844

23099

17860

Villages / Wards Covered

19

6

25

5

Sub-Centres covered

4

0

3

2

Entries on Register

 

 

 

 

Eligible Couples

4100

1689

3645

3521

Ante-natal cases

525

139

352

213

Infrastructure

 

 

 

 

Beds

36

30

30

30

Refrigerators

7

4

1

05

Deep Freezers

1

1

1

02

ILRs

2

1

1

02

I.U.D. Room

Yes

Yes

Nil

Yes

Labour Room

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Operation Theatre

Yes

Yes

Nil

Yes

Laboratory

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Service Rendered

 

 

 

 

Out-Patient New

192621

72269

117748

89345

Out-Patient Old

39076

13172

45682

19209

Out-Patient Total

231697

85441

163430

108554

In-Patient UT

2176

1200

2279

348

In-Patient Other States

820

779

76

630

In-Patient Total

2996

1979

2355

978

 

PRIMARY HEALTH CENTRES

 

Institution

Ariankuppam

Gorimedu

Kalapet

Kosapalayam

Lawspet

Mettupalayam

Mudaliarpet

Murunga-pakkam

General Information

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year Established

1957

1989

1963

1978

1980

1962

1957

1991

Population

35908

17246

16795

46526

67675

55570

53381

25768

Villages / Wards Covered

8

12

4

47

27

27

7

9

Sub-Centres covered

2

1

2

0

2

3

1

1

Entries on Register

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eligible Couples

5667

3145

2964

7869

10640

9840

8386

4067

Ante-natal cases

673

192

313

689

964

1108

777

401

Infrastructures

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Beds

7

1

6

3

1

2

2

5

Refrigerators

1

1

1

1

1

1

2

2

Deep Freezers

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

ILRs

1

1

1

2

1

1

1

1

I.U.D. Room

Yes

No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Labour Room

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

No

Yes

Operation Theatre

Yes

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

Laboratory

No

No

Yes

No

No

Yes

No

No

Service Rendered

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Out-Patient New

99918

35901

128466

60098

44261

92417

57639

28370

Out-Patient Old

35993

4172

10164

20321

20708

51196

49456

24678

Out-Patient Total

135911

40073

138630

80419

64969

143613

107095

53048

In-Patient UT

131

0

85

87

70

107

0

22

In-Patient Other States

10l

0

39

0

0

0

0

1

In-Patient Total

231

0

124

87

70

107

0

23


 

 

 PRIMARY HEALTH CENTRES

 

Institution

Muthialpet

Odiensalai

Reddiarpalayam

Villianur

Abishega-pakkam

Ariyur

Bahour

Karayamputhur

General Information

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year Established

1956

1952

1936

1952

1980

1977

1957

1964

Population

44051

30200

48596

50811

6648

11183

25986

7183

Villages / Wards Covered

5

5

26

32

3

6

16

5

Sub-Centres covered

1

0

0

4

1

3

2

2

Entries on Register

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eligible Couples

6421

2636

8159

9010

1094

1851

4178

1175

Ante-natal cases

693

374

759

994

118

209

451

167

Infrastructures

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Beds

6

1

2

9

4

3

6

6

Refrigerators

1

1

1

2

1

1

2

1

Deep Freezers

1

1

1

2

1

1

2

2

ILRs

1

1

1

2

1

1

1

1

I.U.D. Room

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Labour Room

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Operation Theatre

No

No

No

Yes

No

Yes

No

No

Laboratory

No

No

No

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

Service Rendered

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Out-Patient New

71111

69540

56356

20929

36044

44396

98879

36381

Out-Patient Old

38505

3951

10502

18207

7725

7111

16371

5216

Out-Patient Total

109616

73491

66858

39136

43769

51507

115250

41597

In-Patient UT

0

0

18

388

101

174

147

154

In-Patient Other States

0

0

0

33

5

39

33

125

In-Patient Total

0

0

18

421

106

213

180

279

 

Institution

Katterikuppam

Kirumam-pakkam

Koodapakkam

Madukarai

Nettapakkam

Sedarapet

Sorapet

Sooraman-galam

General Information

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year Established

1962

1963

1980

1958

1953

1982

1968

1978

Population

11988

22268

9067

7026

13651

9642

7596

5605

Villages / Wards Covered

7

25

15

1

6

4

4

6

Sub-Centres covered

3

4

1

0

1

1

1

1

Entries on Register

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eligible Couples

1961

3399

1564

1065

2459

1706

1322

845

Ante-natal cases

190

385

168

123

275

168

123

94

Infrastructure

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Beds

6

13

6

5

14

2

3

4

Refrigerators

1

1

1

1

2

1

1

1

Deep Freezers

1

1

1

1

1

2

1

1

ILRs

1

2

2

2

1

1

2

1

I.U.D. Room

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Labour Room

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Operation Theatre

No

Yes

No

No

Yes

Yes

No

No

Laboratory

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

No

No

No

Service Rendered

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Out-Patient New

16812

94089

31079

41375

80605

25190

28032

19935

Out-Patient Old

17491

5595

7241

15334

13291

8133

8610

6684

Out-Patient Total

34303

99684

38320

56709

93896

33323

36642

26619

In-Patient UT

77

531

13

108

365

60

146

22

In-Patient Other States

12

28

0

3

51

0

17

4

In-Patient Total

89

559

13

111

416

60

163

26

 

Institution

Thavalakuppam

Thirubuvanai

Thirukkanur

Kovilpathu(U)

Karaikal    medu(U)

Ambagarathur

Kottuchery

Nallambal

General Information

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year Established

1962

1940

1940

1978

1993

1976

1957

1960

Population

15455

28843

13442

17355

5991

6759

11600

7980

Villages / Wards Covered

11

13

6

2

4

2

3

10

Sub-Centres covered

3

4

3

0

0

0

0

1

Entries on Register

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eligible Couples

2426

5015

2339

2576

852

989

1848

1193

Ante-natal cases

275

528

251

202

114

91

184

121

Infrastructure

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Beds

6

16

6

7

3

10

6

2

Refrigerators

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Deep Freezers

1

1

1

0

0

1

1

0

ILRs

2

2

1

1

1

1

1

1

I.U.D. Room

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Labour Room

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Operation Theatre

No

Yes

No

No

No

No

No

Yes

Laboratory

Yes

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

Service Rendered

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Out-Patient New

46901

66291

25312

16650

26738

43824

51366

28547

Out-Patient Old

8986

9980

6352

20402

7473

23915

13224

8539

Out-Patient Total

55887

76271

31664

37052

34211

67739

64590

37086

In-Patient UT

538

370

77

38

96

84

90

28

In-Patient Other States

33

0

17

0

9

17

5

4

In-Patient Total

571

370

94

38

105

101

95

32

 

Institution

Nallathur

Nedungadu

Neravy

T.R.Pattinam

Varichikudy

Vizhithiyur

Pandakkal

General Information

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year Established

1970

1965

1957

1956

1964

1965

1935

Population

3520

12802

15793

19934

12533

5198

11828

Villages / Wards Covered

13

16

7

12

13

7

4

Sub-Centres covered

0

3

2

2

4

1

2

Entries on Register

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eligible Couples

545

2011

2328

3165

2103

802

1783

Ante-natal cases

49

220

201

387

227

87

170

Infrastructure

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Beds

2

30

6

17

6

6

2

Refrigerators

1

2

1

1

1

1

2

Deep Freezers

0

1

1

1

1

1

2

ILRs

1

1

1

1

1

1

2

I.U.D. Room

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Labour Room

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Operation Theatre

No

Yes

No

No

No

No

Yes

Laboratory

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

No

Service Rendered

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Out-Patient New

12501

68165

29344

56398

51552

37824

17800

Out-Patient Old

6580

15040

18319

15917

15485

6690

5379

Out-Patient Total

19081

83205

47663

72315

67037

44514

23179

In-Patient UT

0

934

213

1253

289

178

0

In-Patient Other States

0

151

17

77

27

109

0

In-Patient Total

0

1085

230

1330

316

287

0

 

Family Welfare Programme

Family Welfare Programme has focused on the health needs of the women in reproductive age group and of children below the age of 5 years and also to provide contraceptives and spacing services to the desired people.  The objectives of the Family Welfare Programme are:

Population Stabilization at a level consistent with the needs of National development

     Reducing the Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) and Infant Mortality Rate (IMR)

     Safe delivery

     Safe abortion

     Balanced Sex - ratio

Effective Implementation of the Family Welfare Programme in the U.T. has lead to very substantial improvement in health status of the U.T. population.

 

Family Welfare Programmes

 

v  Post -Partum Programme

v  Free Supply of contraceptives to the Government and Private Medical Institutions

v  Compensation for Sterilisation

v  Implementation of Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (Prohibition of Sex selection) Act

v  Monitoring of Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act.

Family Welfare Services are provided to the community through a network of   77 Sub-Centres, 39 PHCs and 4 CHCs supported by 4 District Hospitals.  The ANMs are the frontline worker providing the Family Welfare Services to the community.  They are supervised by the LHVs / PHNs posted in PHCs.

 

Family Welfare Activities 2004-05 to 2008-09

Method

2004-05

2005-06

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

Vasectomy

17

19

24

14

25

Tubectomy

11915

10194

10459

10289

9755

I.U.D

3150

3628

3506

3266

2721

Oral Pills

1584

1871

1743

1848

1710

C.C (Condoms)

10379

9934

10575

11462

10612

M.T.P

1683

1996

1726

1579

1230

Institutional Deliveries

27978

26170

*46864

*49660

*47332

Home Deliveries

185

85

116

73

57

 

 *Including JIPMER and Private Intuitions

 

           

 

During the year 2008-09, totally 9,870 persons adopted the permanent method of Sterilisation (9,755 Tubectomy and 25 Vasectomy operations). Under spacing method, 2,721 adopted IUD method, 1,710 adopted Oral Pills method and 10,612 adopted Conventional Contraceptives (Condoms) method.

 

Comparative statement of sex ratio

(Census 2001 & IPPI Survey 2009)

 

Districts

As per 2001 Census

IPPI survey 2009

Adult sex ratio

Juvenile sex ratio

Puducherry

990

953

1001

Karaikal

1023

981

1016

Mahe

1148

915

947

Yanam

975

974

945

Total

1001

958

977

 

Sex Ratio compared with southern states of India

 

India / State

Total

Male

Female

Sex Ratio

India

1,028,610,328

532,156,772

496,453,556

933

Andhra Pradesh

76,210,007

38,527,413

37,682,594

978

Kerela

31,841,374

15,468,614

16,372,760

1058

Karnataka

52,850,562

26,898,918

25,951,644

965

Puducherry

974,345

486,961

487,384

1001

 

Comparative Statement of Birth Rate with Southern State

 

India / State

Total

Rural

Urban

India

22.8

24.4

18.5

Andhra Pradesh

18.4

19.1

16.8

Kerela

14.6

14.6

14.6

Karnataka

19.8

20.9

17.9

Puducherry

16.4

16.4

16.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Comparative Statement of Infant Mortality Rate with Southern State

 

India                                  -              53

Andhra Pradesh               -              52

Kerela                               -              12

Karnataka                         -              45

Puducherry                       -              25

 

 

UNIVERSAL IMMUNIZATION PROGRAMME

The objective of National Health Policy is to provide comprehensive Health Care System with particular attention to the mother and child.

The Immunisation era has actually begun at the turn of 18th century with the introduction of protective vaccination against small pox.  Since then, the phenominal progress in the domain of microbiological and immunological sciences has made over 25 vaccines available against some of the dreaded diseases.  Today Diptheria, Pertusis, Tetanus, Typhoid, TB, Polio, Measles and a number of other diseases can be effectively controlled by vaccinations. 

An objective is to attain 100% immunization coverage for all antigens.

 

More than 100% coverage during Pulse Polio Immunization.

 

Last Polio case reported in 1998

 

No instance of deaths due to Vaccine Preventable Diseases in last 6 years.

 

In addition to Universal Immunisation Programme, MMR & Rubella Vaccines are given in UT.

 

 

PONDICHERRY AIDS CONTROL SOCIETY

 

           AIDS Control Programme was implemented in the U.T. of Pondicherry by JIPMER since 1986 which was directly funded by Govt. of India.  In 1992, AIDS Cell was formed by the Govt. of Pondicherry.  The funds were released by Govt. of India through the Directorate of Accounts & Treasuries.

 

Voluntary Counselling and Testing Centres and Integrated Counselling and Testing Centre

 

There are two VCTC at Puducherry.  One is at Odian Salai and the other one is at JIPMER.  There are two integrated Counselling and testing centres at Puducherry one is at CHC Mannadipet and the other one is at CHC, Karikalambakkam.  In other regions of Karaikal, Mahe and Yanam are provided with one VCTC each.

 

 

 

ART Centre :

 

There is an ART Centre in the Govt. General Hospital (Skin Department).  U.T of Puducherry.  Nearly 510 HIV positive patients are registered and ART drugs are being supplied free of cost.

 

Prevention of Parent to Child Transmission (PPTCT) Centre

There are 3 PPTCT centres in the U.T of Puducherry.  One is at Maternity Hospital, Puducherry, one at Gynaecology Department, JIPMER and the other one is at maternity Wing of GH, Karaikal.  Drugs are supplied to antenatal mothers free of cost and also for babies.

 

Position of U.T. of Pondicherry

As per National AIDS Control Organization, STD prevalence has fallen from 7.20% in 1998 to 4.03 % in 2006 and prevalence of HIV positive in antenatal case has fallen from 0.5 % in 1998 to 0.25 % during 2006, Sentinel Surveillance.  U. T. of Pondicherry is now showing decline in prevalence of HIV infection in comparison to neighbouring states of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, which are HIV High Prevalence States.

HIV prevalence: 11000 till 2008.  (Approximately 60% from neighbouring states)

 

Particulars

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

High Risk Groups (STD Cases)

Puducherry

7.2

5.8

0.5

0.5

2.02

2.45

5.7

4.22

4.03

2.92

3.29

 

Particulars

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Low Risk Groups (Ante Natal Clinic Cases)

Puducherry

7.2

5.8

0.5

0.5

2.02

2.45

5.7

4.22

4.03

2.92

3.29

 

 

NATIONAL VECTOR BORNE DISEASES CONTROL Programme:

 

Malaria:

No death due to Malaria

 

Year

BSC & BSE

PV

PF

TOTAL

API

ABER

DEATH

2008

127963

67

5

72

0.067

11.91

--

2009

88277

64

1

65

0.060

08.20

--

 

 

 

Filaria:

Non endemic status achieved in 2005, shortly to be declared as filarial free

Year

Parasitological Data

Entomological Data

Persons Examined

+ ve for MF

MF Rate

+ve for Diseases

Disease Rate

Ten Man Hour Density

Infection Rate %

Infectivity Rate %

2008

64997

24

0.04

34

0.05

70.02

Nil

Nil

2009

57491

5

0.009

8

0.01

69.00

Nil

Nil

 

DENGUE / DHF:

 

Year

Suspected Cases

Confirmed

2008

527

35

2009

333

66

 

 

CHIKUNGUNYA:

 

Year

Suspected Cases

Confirmed

2008

Nil

Nil

2009

Nil

Nil

 

REVISED NATIONAL TUBERCULOSIS CONTROL PROGRAMME:

 

Particulars

Achievements

% of TB suspects examined out of total new adult outpatient

1.61%

Annualized total cases detection rate

61%

Annualized new smear positive case detection rate (%)

74%

Success rate of new smear positive patients

80%

New sputum +ve defaulter rate

<5%

 

 

NATIONAL LEPROSY ERADICATION PROGRAMME:

Declared Leprosy Free State in 2005

 

NLEP Indicators

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

2009-10

(Nov-09)

No. of new cases detected (ANCDR)

57

(5.24)

50

(4.51)

57

(5.05)

33

(2.92)

No. of cases on record at year end (PR)

39

(0.36)

24

(0.22)

42

(0.37)

35

(0.31)

No. of Grade II disability among new cases (%)

1

(1.75)

0

( 0 )

(2)

(3.5)

0

( 0 )

Treatment completion rate

100

100

97.4

95

Re-constructive surgery conducted

5

6

3

3

 

 

INTEGRATED DISEASE SURVEILLANCE PROJECT:

H1N1 Status in UT of Puducherry

Reported for

Cumulative for the state

No. of patient screened

575

No. of patient admitted in hospital (Cat C )

97

No. of patient whose samples were tested

527

No. of patient found positive with travel history to H1N1 notified countries (imported cases)

4

No. of patient found positive without travel history to H1N1 notified countries (indigenous cases)

112

No. of deaths

Nil

 

No suspected case were reported from January 2010

 

 

 PHYSICAL MEDICINE & REHABILITATION CENTRE

 

The Artificial Limb Fitting Centre is expanded with physical medicine & Rehabilitation facilities   such as Physiotherapy, Occupational Therapy in addition to the fitting of Artificial Limbs and Orthopedic Appliances.  It is a 30 Bedded Hospital to provide in-patient treatment facilities to the Physically handicapped persons and fitting of Artificial Limbs.  The Outhouses and prostheses are fitted to the physically handicapped persons referred from IGGGH&PGI Puducherry, ESI Mahe / Yanam / Karaikal and other Health institutions.  Apart from Orthopedic appliances and Artificial Limbs, special type of appliances such a cervical collar, spinal brace, lumbar sacral belt, Modified surgical boot etc., are also fabricated and fitted to the patients.  Fitting of functional Upper extremity prosthesis, partially mutilated hand, cosmetic fingers etc., are also being fabricated and fitted to the needy patients.

 

                The treatment with latest equipments such as Laser Therapy, Microwave, Interferential Therapy, etc., is also available for the chronic patients.  The availability of X-Ray unit, Laboratory facilities and operation theatre within the building are of much important to add the facilities in the treatment.  The teaching and practical demonstration classes are made available to the students of degree course in Physiotherapy.

 

 NATIONAL IODINE DEFICIENCY DISORDER CONTROL PROGRAMME

            National Iodine Deficiency Disorder Control Programme (NIDDCP) is implemented in the U.T. of Puducherry from the year 2002-03. The goal of this programme is to reduce the Prevalence of Iodine deficiency disorders below 12 percent in the entire country by the year 2010 AD.

 

Iodine Deficiency Disorder (IDD) survey

The Iodine Deficiency Disorder survey was conducted by the Central IDD survey team during the month of September 2003 in all the districts of U.T. of Puducherry by covering 1% of village population and 5% school children to assess the Prevalence of goitre. The Prevalence rate of goitre in U.T. of Puducherry was found to be 10.31% (Puducherry-10.52%, Karaikal-7.73%, Mahe-20.0% & Yanam-9.44%)

 

 

 

 National Programme for Control of Blindness

 

National Programme for Control of Blindness was launched in the year 1976 with a goal of reducing avoidable blindness, now the programme is in its 12th plan, the aim is to reduce  the incidence of Blindness to 0.3% by 2020.  The major role of community ophthalmology programme is to reach the Blind who reside in the rural, remote and underserved of our country, especially bilaterally blind and women below poverty line.

 

Surgeries are also done in government general hospital Puducherry, Karaikal and Mahe.  The patients are screened the day prior to surgery by the ophthalmologist and operated the next day and followed up on a regular basis.

 

Year

Number of cases detected

Number of Surgeries Performed

Government

Private

Government

Private

GH

CHC

PHC

GH

CHC

PHC

2005-06

4616

479

702

4922

4499

393

591

4792

2006-07

5313

692

812

5270

5215

580

711

5118

2007-08

5244

632

712

6541

5119

534

623

6379

2008-09

5452

538

668

5923

5368

504

622

5718

 

   GLAUCOMA AND DIABETIC RETINOPATHY SCREENING

 

The ophthalmic technicians who are posted in the vision centres screen the patients above 40 years of age for glaucoma by checking their intraocular pressure and if the intraocular pressure is high the ophthalmologist opines on the mode of further management.  Similarly all diabetics who come to the diabetic clinic for follow up are screened by the ophthalmologist when they come for cataract screening for diabetic retinopathy and sent to the government general hospital for laser treatment if they show signs of pre proliferative diabetic retinopathy.

 

   SCHOOL EYE SCREENING

 

This is one of the most important components of the NPCB, under which the teachers trained for this purpose, screen the children for defective vision using the Snellens chart and then referred to the ophthalmic technician who visits the school and a detailed refraction is done in the vision centre and glasses are provided to the poor and needy children by the NPCB.  The children who require further examination are sent to the government general hospital to be seen by a specialist.

 

The year wise data (2005-06 to 2008-09) of children with refractive error examined and provided free spectacles.

 

Sl.No.

Particulars

2005-06

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

1

No. of School children screened

40100

55772

33832

47094

2

No. of children with refractive error

1150

2743

1506

5104

3

No. of children provided with glasses

858

1300

1506

2015